Vitamins and minerals are substances that your body needs to work properly

Click on an item below to learn about the science.


There are two types of vitamins:


Are divided into two groups, minerals and trace elements. Not getting enough can lead to health problems.

The body uses minerals and trace elements to perform many different functions – from building strong bones, transmitting nerve impulses, making hormones to maintaining a normal heartbeat.

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Find out how vitamins and minerals can help your body.

Amino acids

Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. An amino acid can chemically bond with another amino acid eventually forming a chain. When two or more amino acids are connected they are referred to as a protein.


Essential: Your body needs these and can't make them. You can only get them by eating them

  • Leucine
  • Isoleucine
  • Valine
  • Phenylalanine
  • Methionine
  • Threonine
  • Histidine
  • Tryptophan
  • Lysine

Non - essential: Your body can make these from other proteins

  • Alanine
  • Glutamine
  • Arginine
  • Glycine
  • Asparagine
  • Proline
  • Aspartic acid
  • Serine
  • Cysteine
  • Tyrosine
  • Glutamic acid

Your body needs twenty amino acids to survive; eleven can be made by your body, the other nine called essential amino acids have to be eaten.

Not all protein is the same so we need to make sure that the protein we eat contains these essential amino acids. When you eat protein, you break it down into amino acids. The amino acids are then used to make the proteins your body needs to maintain muscles, bones, blood and body organs.

Around 15% of your body is made of protein and protein builds, maintains, and replaces your tissue. Protein is used to keep muscles, bones, skin and hair healthy, support the immune system and it helps your body absorb calcium.

Hormones and enzymes are proteins and bones are around 50% protein.

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